Vidro Daum Nancy (Francês)
- Medidas +
Altura 21 cm / 8.27 in Diâmetro 15 cm / 5.91 in
Designer / Informação
Daum is the name of a factory established in 1875 in the city of Nancy, France. When the notary Jean Daum became the owner of an industrial furnace, that of Nancy Glass, to expropriate the owners who were heavily indebted to him and was not able to return the money to cover the liabilities of management. So the company was launched with the aim of both renewable and guide it through changes in period, style and taste. The eldest son Auguste, despite having studied law, became director of the factory, which for the moment out glasses, jugs, glass commonly used low-quality glass for watches. The first thing I did was start producing table glassware of good quality and then in a second phase, around 1890, he formed an art department under the direction of his brother Antonin. At that time did not establish any particular innovation in style, but had a great influence of his friend, neighbor and professor Emile Galle. At the beginning of the last decade of last century, the glass gradually begins to lose transparency, the decor is based solely on flowers, plants and animals, and parts enriquecencon metal elements. Colors were used in two or three layers, in which, by the technique of carving, was carved decoration. The decor-interleaved, is situated within the genre of the search for perspective. Patented in June 1899, is to perform a piece with several layers, of which the interior is decorated (to the tooth, the enamel and acid), and then reheated to 1000 BC and covered with another layer. The colors stood out to be more blurred and less distinct lines, which gives the interior a more pleasing and unobtrusive. At the Universal Exhibition of Paris of 1900, presented 38 pieces made by this technique, the success was brilliant and they were awarded Daum do the Grand Prix, as well as Galle. From the beginning of the century it shows a dedication to progressive non-figurative decoration, based on the color scheme. In 1908 an exhibition was presented at the first pitcher in the series known for jade céramique, in which the piece, performed with the technique of vitrification of powder, was coated on a transparent glass layer. By 1906 Antonin Daum began to present its first pallet verre (glass paste) made by Walter Almric. Each artist had a proprietary formula for the preparation of the glass portion, of course secret, which explains the enormous difference in the results. With glass pastes for expanded collaboration with Daum Majorelle, which even it was given a small plate for incorporation into the furniture. The collaboration continued growing profitably, even in the field of lamp production. The Nancy Glass had already been affirmed important developments and could pick up hard-won success. But not for long, since the explosion of the first world war forced the closure of the furnaces, when they were reopened at the end of the conflict, the world and taste had changed profoundly.