|School||Arts and Craft|
- Measure +
High 66 cm / 25.98 in Diameter 60 cm / 23.62 in
Designer / Information
Arts and Crafts
The Arts and Crats movement emerged in the last decades from twentieth century, like a reaction againts the first industrial style that was developed in England. The one called Victorian Style. It is said that those who came to visit the Universal Fair in 1851, arrived to the Crystal Palace from London, and also amazed by the technical advances, were surprised by the bad taste of all that was massive manufacture. So the idea of industrial progress began to mingle with the intuition that a reaction was needed to return the objects of daily life a certain aesthetic dimension, to accompany thenatural functions for which they were manufactured. This reaction was named Art and Crafts, because it pretend to raise social dignity and aesthetics of design and applied arts of all, integrating them into a harmonious and beautiful architectural environment. From the action of Art & Crafts point of view, it experienced a major boost in 1861, when William Morris founded the firm Morris, Marshall, Faulkner Company, commonly known as the Morris Company. In 1890 Morris founded the Kelmscott Press, an imprint of the artisan who left small print runs of some of the most carefully printed books produced in history and was able to exert a powerful influence on the large commercial publishers for decades. Principles of Arts & Crafts Among the ideas of the Arts and Crafts features are philosophical, ethical and political. We highlight the most important: Rejection of the separation between art and craft. The design of useful objects is considered a functional and morality necessity. Refusal of industrial work, which separate the worker from the work done, fragmented tasks. Proposal for a return to medievalism, both in architecture (in Gothic) and the applied arts. Proposal of architecture as a center of all design activities. One idea would be collected by the rationalism of the early twentieth century. Proposed group of artisans in guilds and workshops, following the medieval model of collective work. Proposal of a job well done, well finished and satisfying to the artist and the customer.